Personality of film director and producer Dadasaheb Phalk

April 30, 2018
Dadasaheb Phalk

Film director and producer Dadasaheb Phalk was born on April 30, 1870, in a Marathi Brahmin family at Ambakeshwar, under the Bombay Presidency of India. His real name is Dhundiraj Govinda Phalke. His father was a scholar.

In 1890, after completing his studies at Sir JJ Art of Bombay, he was admitted to Maharaja Saigirao University. Here he studied scalpography, engineering, drawing, painting and photography. He started his career by taking photographs in a small town called Godhra. Later he became interested in press and film.

He is regarded as the father of Indian cinema. He composed the film ‘Raja Harishchandra‘ in 1913, which was India’s first full-length silent film. After that, he has produced 95 full-length films and 26 short films for 24 years. Notable films made by him are ‘Raja Harishchandra’ (1913), ‘Mohini Vaasasur’ (1913), ‘Satanababitri’ (1914), ‘Lanka Daman’ (1917), ‘Sri Krishna Borne’ (1918), ‘Kali Mardan’ (1919), ‘Bridgeship’ (1923) and ‘Gangataran’ (1937).

In recognition of his contributions to Indian cinema, the Indian government introduced the Dadasaheb Phalk Award in 1969. This is India’s highest film award. The Directorate of Film Festival, established by the Ministry of Initiation and Expansion of the Government of India, provides it as a national film award. He died on 6 February 1944 at the age of 73.