October 11, 2018
There was a need for an agreement between Bangladesh and India which will ensure the fate of the enclaves. It is clear that the fate of the enclaves has remained obscure. But no, the problems of their forehead are inevitable and unending before 31st July 2015.

Understanding the integration of political and political issues, the implementation of the land boundary agreement signed between Bangladesh and India becomes uncertain, and the misery of the enclaves of both countries is not far away. Understanding the sadness of the inhabitants! If this agreement was implemented, the long suffering of thousands of people living in the enclaves had ended. But what is it?

Finally, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee was not agreed the border agreement. She made hindrance over it. At least in the near future, we could not even see the possibilities. Who knows how long life of the enclave will go in this way? Who knows, how long will the life of the obscurity be with the people of the enclave in this country, and how long will they spend their life in fuzzy conditions? The people of the enclave are like prisoners, they have to spend almost like prison life. They are almost deprived of all the facilities and services including education, medical treatment Because law enforcement agencies and authorities are out of reach.

The details of a Bangladeshi enclave named Karla-2 in Dinhata thana of Koch Bihar district of West Bengal state of India has been highlighted. The barbed wire on one side of the enclosure, on the other side, Indian Territory. The enclaves have come to the Indian territory through 70 yards of the mainland. They do not get citizenship of either Bangladesh, India or any country. Even they do not have the right to vote. In fact, they have to live a breathless life. Chief Minister of West Bengal failed to understand the sadness of the enclaves, it is really sad. It a state of very sad and misery.

Despite repeated pledges from Bangladesh & India’s top level, the government of India did not talk about the problem of enclaves. It is at the root of political interests of some Indian political leaders

The total number of enclaves in Bangladesh and India is 162. Out of 51 Bangladesh and 111 India will lose hundreds of acres due to exchange of enclaves and protocol according to land border agreement. This place is opposed by the Indian central opposition BJP and West Bengal state government.

They are reluctant to give this little discount to their own political interests. However, due to India’s long-standing anxiety, Bangladesh has taken firm position in not giving shelter to the separatists of the northeast states. Bangladesh has agreed to provide transit facilities to India. But the response to pending issues from Delhi did not receive the expected response. In order to solve the problems of these enclaves, in the year 1974, the Mujib-Indira Treaty was signed between the two countries of Bangladesh and India. But that agreement has not been implemented yet up to 2015.Finally it has seen the face of success with the fathomless effort of this government.

India is our largest neighbor country. For such a small amount of land, such behavior does not suit neighbors. Most importantly, the solution to the enclaves is not only Bangladesh but also the people of India will be free from the misery. As soon as the Indian leaders understand this, the success will come into effect.

Two nationals of the nations are also living in the enclaves. Observing the situation, India and Bangladesh, around 3 lakhs enclaves are non-state citizens. They do not even have their state. There is no franchise. In reality, they are settlers in their lands. No government or government of India or Bangladesh allocates a separate budget for them when making national budgets. In the book of the cursed & the confined life, they are completely destroyed in the lineage. The grave of the enclaves do not reach anyone.

According to the statistics of the SHRDHS and the Sensor Handbook, there are 130 Indian enclaves in 20.975 acres (32 decimal 754 square miles) in 8 police stations in Bangladesh. These enclaves were under the control of Maharaja of Cooch Behar before 1947. Likewise, Bangladesh has 12 of the 288.37 acres of land in India, which means 95 enclaves of 95.22 square mile area. Before 1947, they were once under Rangpur and Dinajpur zamindars. It has been found that the ruthless images of human rights violations in enclaves.

The mosquito nets in different JL numbers are Bhurungamari of Kurigram district of Bangladesh and in the Dinahata thana of India. There are more than 25 thousand inhabitants of the Mosaladanga Enclave. There is no way to enter the mosquito net. Only 80 feet of road is separated from mainland of Bangladesh. India around The 80-foot road is being guarded by Indian border guards for 24 hours a day. This is a strange kind of life. From the Moshaldanga enclaves, 15/20 people are brought to the mainland of Bangladesh and heard from their mouths. There is no Bangladeshi school here. The Indian flag is hoisted in which there are two schools. They have not been able to fly the Bangladeshi flag till today. There is no judicial system. Several years ago, the enclaves had started a span for spreading education.

After few days the BSF broke it. Everything goes under the control of Indians. To sell the crops in the field, Indians are at a lower cost. Another inhuman figure is seen in enclaves, it is the marriage crisis. There are no sparrows available for marriage. As a result, the uncle, nephew and maternal uncle were seen to be inhumane marriage. There is also no arrangement for the purchase and sale of land in enclaves. Based on the face or belief, the land is sold & bought. Due to being deprived of the education light, the residents of the enclave also are severely deprived of health care. If there is a critical disease, they cannot be used for better treatment in India or Bangladesh. The only way to survive is to roam the roar, the Kobiraaj, the oil spill. This image is not only of Masaladanga, but all the images of Bangladesh in India are the same as the number of incidents in Bangladesh. They are not getting the least human rights.

However, the inhabitants of Indian enclaves are somewhat better in Bangladesh. They can go to both Bangladesh and India. They are considered as refugees everywhere. No country has the right to vote. There is no initiative to eradicate poverty. In many cases the criminals of both countries have taken shelter in the enclaves. The government of any country has not given any budget to the enclaves in their budget. Yet the hope is that after a long time, politicians, intellectuals and government started to think about the enclaves. India coordinator of the Bangladesh enclave and the Indian leader, Diptiman Sengupta told reporters and journalist at a press conference that those who have never come to the enclaves, who did not associate with the inhabitants of the enclaves, how would they become able to  understand the true grief of the enclaves? He said how serious the government of both the countries is about the enclaves, the enclaves of both the countries are expecting it.

On July 31, 2015, there were 162 enclaves in the border between Bangladesh and India. Of these, there were 51 enclaves in the Indian Territory and 111 enclaves of Bangladesh in Bangladesh’s territory. Those are handed over. Desperate developments in extinct enclaves of Bangladesh, however, there are frustrations among the inhabitants of the extinct enclaves of India. Three years after the disappearance of the enclosure has changed. Once in the deprived population, the development touches.

The enclave inhabitants are now getting health care, elderly and widow allowance. Land papers have been made. The services of digital information services have also reached their doorstep. In the mainland of Bangladesh, 12 of the 111 enclaves have been found in Kurigram, 59 in Lalmonirhat, 36 in Panchagarh and 4 enclaves in Nilphamari. The largest of the enclaves are the Dasiarachara of Kurigram.At the end of 2015, the ceaseless panic started to melt the ice of excitement. At the handing over of the enclaves are implemented between the two countries,peace & joys are being enjoyed between the two countries. Now the enclaves dwellers do not have the limits of rejoice. They are very much exalted of achieving independence in own liberated country.

By- Md. Saiful Islam Masum

The Writer is a Banker and a Columnist